“Martin Luther King Jr. Delivered His ‘I Have A Dream’ Speech 52 Years Ago Today

Martin Luther King Jr. Delivered His ‘I Have A Dream’ Speech 52 Years Ago Today http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/08/28/i-have-a-dream-anniversary_n_8056412.html

Martin Luther King Jr. Delivered His ‘I Have A Dream’ Speech 52 Years Ago Today

Watch and read the iconic address.

 44 minutes ago

Mollie Reilly Deputy Politics Editor, The Huffington Post

Friday marks the 52nd anniversary of the March on Washington, during which Martin Luther King Jr. gave his historic “I Have A Dream” address. 

On Aug. 28, 1963, more than 200,000 individuals converged on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. to draw the country’s attention to the struggles faced by black Americans. 

The civil rights demonstration culminated in King’s call to end racism, cementing the reverend’s place in history.

Watch King’s speech above, and read the full text of his remarks below:

I am happy to join with you today in what will go down in history as the greatest demonstration for freedom in the history of our nation.

Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.

But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. So we have come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.

In a sense we have come to our nation’s capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men, yes, black men as well as white men, would be guaranteed the unalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check, a check which has come back marked “insufficient funds.” But we refuse to believe that the bank of justice is bankrupt. We refuse to believe that there are insufficient funds in the great vaults of opportunity of this nation. So we have come to cash this check — a check that will give us upon demand the riches of freedom and the security of justice. We have also come to this hallowed spot to remind America of the fierce urgency of now. This is no time to engage in the luxury of cooling off or to take the tranquilizing drug of gradualism. Now is the time to make real the promises of democracy. Now is the time to rise from the dark and desolate valley of segregation to the sunlit path of racial justice. Now is the time to lift our nation from the quick sands of racial injustice to the solid rock of brotherhood. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children.

It would be fatal for the nation to overlook the urgency of the moment. This sweltering summer of the Negro’s legitimate discontent will not pass until there is an invigorating autumn of freedom and equality. Nineteen sixty-three is not an end, but a beginning. Those who hope that the Negro needed to blow off steam and will now be content will have a rude awakening if the nation returns to business as usual. There will be neither rest nor tranquility in America until the Negro is granted his citizenship rights. The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.

But there is something that I must say to my people who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice. In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds. Let us not seek to satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.

We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline. We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence. Again and again we must rise to the majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force. The marvelous new militancy which has engulfed the Negro community must not lead us to a distrust of all white people, for many of our white brothers, as evidenced by their presence here today, have come to realize that their destiny is tied up with our destiny. They have come to realize that their freedom is inextricably bound to our freedom. We cannot walk alone.

As we walk, we must make the pledge that we shall always march ahead. We cannot turn back. There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, “When will you be satisfied?” We can never be satisfied as long as the Negro is the victim of the unspeakable horrors of police brutality. We can never be satisfied, as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negro’s basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as our children are stripped of their selfhood and robbed of their dignity by signs stating “For Whites Only”. We cannot be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote. No, no, we are not satisfied, and we will not be satisfied until justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.

I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations. Some of you have come fresh from narrow jail cells. Some of you have come from areas where your quest for freedom left you battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality. You have been the veterans of creative suffering. Continue to work with the faith that unearned suffering is redemptive.

Go back to Mississippi, go back to Alabama, go back to South Carolina, go back to Georgia, go back to Louisiana, go back to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed. Let us not wallow in the valley of despair.

I say to you today, my friends, so even though we face the difficulties of today and tomorrow, I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.”

I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right there in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

I have a dream today.

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.

This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

This will be the day when all of God’s children will be able to sing with a new meaning, “My country, ’tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, land of the pilgrim’s pride, from every mountainside, let freedom ring.”

And if America is to be a great nation this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania!

Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado!

Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California!

But not only that; let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia!

Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee!

Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

And when this happens, when we allow freedom to ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual, “Free at last! free at last! thank God Almighty, we are free at last!”

The Three Methods of Robert Adams

The Three Methods of Robert Adams

“There are three methods we use to help us on the path, so we can realize what we were talking about before. 

Number one is self-surrender, where we surrender completely to God, or to the Self. But that’s hard to do for most people. It sounds easy, but it’s not. It means that you have no life of your own. You surrender completely and totally everything to God, totally. Every part of your life goes to God. “Not my will, but thine.” that’s devotion, bhakti. Again, it sounds easy to some people, but it’s not when you get into it, because it means every decision that you have to make is left up to God. You give your mind to God, totally, completely and absolutely. And that leads you to self- realization.

Number two is mindfulness, which we were talking about, becoming the witness. Watching yourself continuously. Watching your thoughts. Watching your actions. Sitting in meditation and watching what goes on in your mind. Not trying to change anything or correct anything. Just observing. Becoming the witness to your thoughts in meditation, and to your actions in the waking state.

And number three is the one that I advocate, self-inquiry. Asking yourself, “To whom do these troubles come? To whom does this karma come? To whom does this suffering come? It comes to me? Well, what is me? I am me. Who am I? From where did the I come from?” And following the I to its source. 

You can use any of those three methods, the one that suits you best. But by all means do something. Don’t waste your life with frivolities. Work on yourself, if you want to become free.

It doesn’t mean you have to give up going to the movies, or going to work, or anything. You give nothing up. You just become aware of what you’re doing. You become a conscious being. You become conscious of your actions. You become loving, compassionate, gentle to all people. You stop watching out for number one. Most of us say, “Number one. I’m number one.” Forget it. That’s how you suffer, that’s ego. It’s hard to understand, when you give up your ego, how you can have a better life? But you do. Try it and you’ll see.”

Robert Adams

embrace the 3 jewels


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Surviving and Thriving in the Human Economy

Surviving and Thriving in the Human Economy

Dov Seidman Founder and CEO of LRN

This article was originally published in Forbes.

15 years ago, when 40 companies formed the Global Compact at the United Nations, they laid out the principles for a more inclusive and sustainable world. UN Secretary General Kofi Annan called for a “global compact of shared values and principles, which will give a human face to the global market.”

Today, as I address the assembled members of the UN Global Compact, I urge business leaders to consider how that “human face” of the global market is needed more urgently today than ever.

The 21st century has been a marked period of personalization and humanization. Our ever expanding technology has made it possible to reach out and touch more people than ever before. It also requires us to stop and think about how we affect all of those we come into contact with.

Today, a fruit vendor and a few friends with camera phones can spark a revolution that topples dictatorships throughout an entire region. A Twitter hoax can now cause the market to lose and regain $135 billion in minutes. It’s clear we need to rethink how this world is operating. Our old, solid, familiar frameworks are in a state of flux. The biggest social outlets are now the platforms of multi-billion dollar companies. Business and society have fused, and we cannot separate them. The same technology that connects us has bound us together. The world has been reshaped and is now entirely and irreversibly interdependent.

Today, when so few can affect so many so far away, we rise and fall together. The position of leaders–especially those who rely on their titles and old ways of thinking–is more volatile than it’s ever been. It’s our responsibility to recognize that the world has changed. It operates in different ways.

In economic terms, we’ve gone from an Industrial Economy – where we hired hands — to a Knowledge Economy – where we hired heads — to what is now a Global Human Economy – where we hire hearts.

In a new economic era where business is personal, how do we create a new narrative and shared world view that will allow us not just to adapt, but thrive?

How can we shape a new face of leadership for a more Human Economy?

Recognize The New Sources of Strength

In the industrial revolution, employers hired for physical strength and dexterity. In the knowledge economy, we selected employees for their intelligence and command of specialized information. Today, as experts predict that technology threatens more than 47% of all American jobs, soft skills are becoming the most desirable. There is no war between man and machine coming. The machines have already won. Instead of competing with them or trying to maintain supremacy in skills like quantitative analysis, we have to complement them. There are unique, human qualities that only people possess, like the ability to engage in collaboration and communication or to display grit.

Today, your people and their behavior are your strategies. It’s not enough to just provide business with a human face, business needs to infuse humanity down to its core.

Scale The Right Kind of Freedom

The Knowledge economy was good at creating “Freedom From”. Companies like Alibaba and Amazon created Freedom From the local store. Services like Lyft and Uber created Freedom From the taxi industry. The problem is, just like the vacuum left by a deposed dictator, this sort of disruption does not build anything in the space it opens. Worse, it risks becoming the system it sought to overthrow in the first place. When all you have is Freedom From, you don’t change your underlying thinking. When you don’t change your thinking, you can and end up reconstructing the only thing that you know. The challenge of the Human Economy is to develop the right mindsets to create the right sort of freedom. Freedom, done right, is the foundation upon which we build and scale everything else.

The United Nations has always understood this concept. The passage in Article “1” of the United Nations Charter supports “foundational freedoms,” like the right to self-determination. Business is also about freedom. That’s why they’re called “Free Markets” and “Free Enterprise”. That’s what makes the UN Global Compact, the merging of business and global governance, so interesting and so important. The UN Global Compact’s principles protect human rights, support an end to corruption and demand the freedom for workers to bargain collectively. This isn’t just Freedom From. It’s more. By encouraging the “Freedom To” pursue fairness, meaning and happiness, the UN Global Compact has put humanity back at the center of business.

To thrive in the Human Economy, businesses need to provide employees with the Freedom To Be Human. This means allowing them to be their fullest and most complete selves and to contribute toward an organizational effort that provides them with a sense of purpose. These are big asks, and they need big considerations. To draw out the most desirable, elevated human behaviors, business needs to do what business does best: scale a system worthy of employees’ elevation.

Rely on Values and Trust, Not Rules

This environment, or Human Operating System as I call it, is rooted in values and principles, not rules. Rules form ceilings and impede themselves. As the saying goes, “Rules were made to be broken.” Values do more. They don’t threaten punishment when they aren’t followed. They don’t offer rewards when they’re obeyed. They operate at a deeper level. Values-based systems are self-regulating. Each individual operates from their own internal compass, guided by shared principles. The key to this is trust and an environment that spreads and supports it. Trust is a legal performance enhancing drug. When I offer you my trust, it releases oxytocin in your brain. This forms a feedback loop where you are chemically inclined to trust me back. Applied at scale, trust is the glue that holds a company together, helping employees feel comfortable enough to take necessary risks. Without risk, there can be no innovation, and without innovation there can be no progress. Without risk, there can be no reward.

Cultivate Moral Authority

To create an environment of trust, you need leadership that creates and shapes context. This means more than just leading by example. It means taking a step back, like Nelson Mandela did as president of South Africa. What made Mandela great was his refusal to make the new chapter of South Africa’s history about himself. Instead of focusing on his imprisonment and his liberation, he made himself small and trusted his people with the truth. Their struggle was not over. A new, integrated South Africa was a vision each citizen would have to work toward together. What Mandela had was Moral Authority, the type of power that doesn’t demand or impose its own recognition. Unlike formal authority, power over people, moral authority is power through people. Moral authority means people lift you up and follow you, not because they have to, but because they want to. They connect with you and your goals on a deeper level and want to take part in your success.

Learn from Millennial Leaders

This shift is part of a global trend. At age 15, Sarah Kavanagh, convinced Pepsi and Coca-Cola to stop using carcinogenic Brominated Vegetable Oil in their sports drinks. Julia Bluhm, at the same age, got Seventeen Magazine to ban photoshopped images of young girls. They didn’t buy large shares of stock or threaten boycotts. They organized petitions and made it clear to those companies where their customers stood. Those consumers didn’t band together because Julia or Sarah was particularly eloquent or wealthy or threatening them with force. They were animated to action by a deep connection to the underlying mission: improving the world by demanding best business practices.

The rising generation of millennials understands the way this new world works. Young people are not waiting for the rest of us to catch up. They are already asserting themselves using this new style of leadership. Leaders of established companies should be looking at their examples with both hope and trepidation. The next generation–who will make up 70% of the workforce in 5 years–believe that a fairer, more human world is possible. More than that, they are willing to try and bring it about on their own. Unless we want them to leave us behind, we must rise to the challenge and learn from their lessons. Only by harnessing their passion will we have the power to bring about the changes necessary to protect the future.

Journey Toward a Higher Purpose

Of course, there will be ups and downs. Like all transitions to a new model, this human journey will have a few bumps along the road. But that’s ok. All great things are non-linear. For too long, many in business have tried to separate themselves from reality–focusing on profit and shareholder value as the sole objective–something the UN Global Compact was founded to help rectify. While everything else and life goes up and down, for most of the 20th century, business was only allowed to go up. Because the “business of business [was] business”, their only goal was to chase bigger profits and to grow bigger. Adapting to the Human Economy and our reshaped world means facing the truth. This old way of thinking is unsustainable. Today, it’s nearly impossible to pursue success directly. You need to pursue significance instead.

By keeping an eye on your higher purpose instead of quarter-to-quarter returns, you create a movement a single slip up can’t derail. That is the Ethic of Journeying. It provides growth and resilience by never taking its eye off the goal and continuing forward even when the path takes a sharp turn. Real leaders understand this, because real leaders are not afraid to lean into those curves. They keep going, enlisting and inspiring others to journey with them.

Fifteen years ago, when 40 companies laid out the principles for a more inclusive and sustainable world, they didn’t just look at what was. They looked at what could be. They dared to dream and begin making strides to make their vision of a better, more humane version of capitalism a reality. They chose to pursue the greatest type of significance, to protect and preserve and improve the world for future generations, providing hope for a better future. This willingness to frame the journey for others is what allows leaders to bring others along on for the ride, engaging and enlisting them in the vision they all share.

It is my great pleasure to stand committed to the UN Global Compact’s vision of the future. It may have seemed unrealistic to some, but leaders know better. From 40 companies to over 12,000 in 15 years is an incredible start, but for all our sakes more must be done. As the wave of corporate responsibility and sustainability spreads, both inside and outside of organizations, I feel a great deal of hope. I wholeheartedly believe that together, with our combined hope and energy, we can reshape the realities of our lives and enterprises to match the demands of our reshaped world.


“He who stands on tiptoe doesn’t stand firm.

He who rushes ahead doesn’t go far.

He who tries to shine dims his own light.

He who defines himself can’t know who he really is.

He who has power over others can’t empower himself.

He who clings to his work will create nothing that endures.

If you want to accord with the Tao, just do your job, then let go.”

Lao Tzu